O. Olzhych (1907-1944) archeologist, poet and
nationalist leader was the son of Ukrainian poet
Born in Zhytomyr, July 8, 1907, he left Ukraine in
1923 to study archeology in Prague and later
lectured at Harvard University. He was also a poet
and wrote nationalist poems stressing the right of
Ukraine to be free.
An ardent advocate of Ukrainian independence,
Olzhych headed the cultural and educational branch
of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists. He
served as second in command to Andriy Melnyk and
represented the OUN leadership in Carpatho-Ukraine
in 1938-1939. In 1941, he took part in forming the
Ukrainian National Council in Kyiv.
Until his arrest and execution by the Gestapo at
the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1944, he
directed underground activities in Ukraine.
In honor of his dedication to Ukraine, the year
1994 was proclaimed the Year of Olzhych in Ukraine
and beyond its borders.
Founded in 1957, the Ukrainian Homestead was
dedicated to the memory of O. Olzhych as a living
tribute to his life as a hero of Ukraine. His
monument is situated on the Homestead grounds.